October 2, 2008
With an ultimate view toward building a comprehensive understanding of Mark’s dependance on and use of the Hebrew Bible, I’m writing now to just quickly record the various locations Mark quotes from. Be forewarned that the following quotes come only from the most superficial survey of the book. So, while I am sure that Mark’s dependance extends far beyond the present listing, I figure this is at least a start.
Hebrew Bible Passages Quoted in Mark:
Genesis 1:27, 2:24; 5:2
Exodus 3:6; 20:12-16; 21:17; 23:20
Leviticus 19:18; 20:9
Dueteronomy 4:35; 5:16-20; 6:4-5; 24:1, 14
Psalm 22:1; 110:1; 118:22-23
Isaiah 29:13; 40:1; 56:7
Hebrew Bible Quotations as They Appear Throughout Mark
Mark 1:2-3 (Ex. 23:20; Mal 3:1; Is. 40:1)
Mark 4:12 (Is 6:9-10)
Mark 7:6-7 (Is. 29:13)
Mark 7:10 (Ex 20:12; Dt 5:16) and (Ex 21:17; Lev 20:9)
Mark 10:4 (Dt. 24:1)
Mark 10:6 (Gen 1:27; 5:2)
Mark 10:8 (Gen 2:24)
Mark 10:19 (Ex 20:12-16; Dt 5:16-20; 24:14)
Mark 11:9 (Ps 118:25-26)
Mark 11:17 (Is 56:7; Jer 7:11)
Mark 12:10 (Ps 118:22-23)
Mark 12:19 (Dt 25:5)
Mark 12:27 (Ex 3:6)
Mark 12:29-30 (Dt 6:4-5; Josh 22:5)
Mark 12:31 (Lev 19:18)
Mark 12:32 (Dt 4:35)
Mark 12:33 (Dt 6:5; Leve 19:18)
Mark 12:36 (Ps 110:1)
Mark 14:27 (Zech 13:7)
Mark 14:62 (Ps 110:1; Dan 7:13)
Mark 15:34 (Ps 22:1)
Any good understanding of the Gospel of Mark that we come up with will inherently make room for Mark’s perspective of the OT, including questions like: “Why does Mark draw so much from the Torah?” “Why start with the Isaiah/Exodus/Malachi quote he starts with in Mark 1:2-3?” etc. Hopefully this post helps us all become better readers over time.
August 30, 2008
I haven’t written for a while or reache any huge conclusions, but I wanted to let you know what I am currently studying. Last week, after quite a while in Genesis and Philemon, I decided I would like to revisit one of the Gospels, finally settling on Mark (which I just haven’t read for a long time).
Just barely in to the book (two verses to be exact) Mark quotes Exodus 23:20, Malachi 3:1 and Isaiah 40:3 lumping them all under the introduction, “As it is written in Isaiah the prophet…” Sidestepping Marks strangely singular label on this clearly multi-referent quote I have been considering Mark’s use of Malachi in particular.
Following the portion Mark quotes in Malachi 3:1 the author goes on to note how the Levites, Judah and Jerusalem will face the purging judgement of God when he comes, resulting in their reformation and the bringing of an acceptable offerings.
Who can endure the day of his coming? Who can keep standing when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire, 4 like a launderer’s soap. He will act like a refiner and purifier of silver and will cleanse the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then they will offer the Lord a proper offering. The offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the Lord as in former times and years past.
What I have been wondering as I have continued to read through the book is this: Is Mark building his book on any of these ideas? How does Jesus place in the book portrayed as God’s refining coming? How are the Levitical figures of Mark portrayed as offering unacceptable offerings? Does Mark want us to see Jesus as the acceptable offering of the Levites, Judahites and Jerusalemites?
Right now I am at about chapter five, working to chronicle the interactions of Jesus and the religious elites. We’ll see how things go…